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Friday, February 20, 2009

Quality Circles History

Compete History of Evolution of Quality Circles

(For all other details on Quality Circles, refer:

(Book titled "Essentials of Quality Circles" is available online from Amazon as printed book and eBook)

Statistical Quality Control

1947: General Douglas McArthur requested US Govt to send experts to help Japanese rejuvenate their industries. Dr Edward Deming was sent.

1949: An Overseas Technical Research Committee was organized by the Union of Japanese Scientists and Engineers (JUSE)

1949: JUSE organized a seminar on “SQC

1949: JUSE organized a seminar “Quality Control- Basic Course”

1950: JUSE published a magazine “SQC

1950: Dr Deming invited to eight day Quality Control seminar organized by JUSE

1951: Deming prize instituted

1954: Dr Joseph Juran invited to Quality Control Management seminar organized by JUSE

1956: Japan’s radio started broadcasting a Quality Control Course organized by JUSE

1960: Japanese Govt declared November as Quality Month and Q-flag was adopted

Quality Control Circles or Quality Circles

Quality Control Circles (Japan)

1962: First QC Circle was registered with QC Circle Head Quarters

1962: First annual QC Conference for Foremen was held

1964: Regional chapters of QC Circles were organized in four different districts

1966: Dr Juran observed Japanese QC Circle activities

1966: Special QC Circle session was organized at the 10th conference of European Organization for Quality Control held in Stockholm, Sweden

1967: Number of registered QC Circles grew to 10000

1968: JUSE dispatched the first QC Circle Study Team overseas

1969: Registered Circles grew to 20000

1969: 100th QC Circle Conference was held in Tokyo

1970: Registered Circles grew to 30000

1971: JUSE organized the first QC Circle seminar

1971: 200th QC conference was held

1971: Registered QC Circles grew to 40000

1971: First National QC Circle Conference was held in Tokyo

1972: Regional Circles grew to 50000

1973: 300th QC Circle Conference was held

1974: Registered circles grew to 60000

1974: 400th QC Circle conference was held

1975: Registered Circles grew to 70000. 500th Conference was held

1977: Registered Circles grew to 80000. 700th Conference was held

1978: Registered Circles grew to 90000

1978: First international QC Circle Convention was held

1979: 800th QC Circle Conference was held

1979: Registered QC Circle Conference numbered 100000

1980: 900th Conference was held

1981: International QC Circle Convention was held

1985: Third International QC Circle Convention was held

1988: More than one million Circles with over ten million members

Quality Circles (Other than Japan)

1974: Lockheed Company, USA started Quality Circle movement

1977: International Association of Quality Circles (IACC) was formed in USA

1980: 230 companies in USA had Quality Circles

1983: There were more than 500,000 known Quality Circles active in the world

Quality Circles (India)

1980: BHEL, Hyderabad first in India to start Quality Circles

1982: Quality Circle Forum of India (QCFI) was founded

1983: Tata Motors (formerly Telco) started Quality Circles, by 1985 they had more than 400 Circles

1985: BHEL had 1411 Circles covering around 13362 members

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Books Suggested for Your Personal, Professional and Organization's Library (available online from Amazon as printed books and eBooks)

Management, Business, Self-help and Personality Development Books

1. HSoftware (Human Software) (The Only Key to Higher Effectiveness)
2. Sensitive Stories of Corporate World (Management Case Studies)
3. Classic Management Games, Exercises, Energizers and Icebreakers
4. Classic Management Games, Exercises, Energizers and Icebreakers (Volume 2)
5. Classic Team Building Games, Exercises, Energizers and Icebreakers
6. 101 Classic Management Games, Exercises, Energizers and Icebreakers
7. Stress? No Way!! (Handbook on Stress Management)
8. HSoftware (Shyam Bhatawdekar’s Effectiveness Model)
9. Competency Management (Competency Matrix and Competencies)
10. Soft Skills You Can’t Do Without (Goal Setting, Time Management, Assertiveness and Anger Management)
11. Essentials of Work Study (Method Study and Work Measurement)
12. Essentials of Time Management (Taking Control of Your Life)
13. Essentials of 5S Housekeeping
14. Essentials of Quality Circles
15. Essentials of Goal Setting
16. Essentials of Anger Management
17. Essentials of Assertive Behavior
18. Essentials of Performance Management & Performance Appraisal
19. Health Essentials (Health Is Wealth)
20. The Romance of Intimacy (How to Enhance Intimacy in a Relationship?)

Novels, Stories, Biographies and Travelogues

21. The Peace Crusaders (Novel: how the peace crusaders established permanent peace on a war strewn planet?)
22. Love Knows No Bounds (Novel: a refreshingly different love story. Also available with the title “Good People”)
23. Funny (and Not So Funny) Short Stories
24. Stories Children Will Love (Volume 1: Bhanu-Shanu-Kaju-Biju and Dholu Ram Gadbad Singh)
25. My Father (Biography)
26. Travelogue: Scandinavia, Russia
27. Travelogue: Europe

For More Guidance, Assistance, Training and Consultation


Also refer:, and

Other Topics of Interest

All Management Topics (General Management, Marketing and Sales, Service, Operations/Manufacturing, Quality, Maintenance, Human Resources, Finance and Accounts, Information Technology, Life Management)

The topics are listed in alphabetic order:

(Home Pages for All the Management Topics) and
(Building Leadership and Management)
(Alphabetic List of All Management Topics)
(Home Page for Writings of Shyam Bhatawdekar)
(5S Housekeeping)
(Activity Based Costing- ABC)
(Anger Management)
(Assessment Centers)
(A to Z of Management Systems)
(A to Z of Quality Techniques)
(Balanced Scorecard)
(Basic Statistics)
(Behavioral Safety)
(Body Language or Non-verbal Communication)
(Books- Best Management Books)
(Business Ethics and Ethics in Management) (Business Plan)
(Business Process Reengineering- BPR)
(Career Planning within Organizations)
(Case Method)
(Case Studies in Management)
(CEO Roles, Qualities and Competencies)
(Change Management)
(Competencies- Life Management)
(Competency Matrix)
(Conflict Management)
(Corporate Governance)
(Cost Management)
(Cost of Quality- COQ)
(Counseling at Workplace)
(Creativity and Innovation)
(Critical Thinking skills)
(Cross Cultural Etiquette and Manners)
(Customer Orientation)
(Customer Relationship management- CRM)
(Daily Management)
(Decision Making)
(Design for Manufacture)
(Dining Etiquette and Table Manners)
(Discipline at Work)
(Dream Exotic)
(Effectiveness and Efficiency)
(Effectiveness Management: HSoftware)
(Efficiency Techniques: Work study: Motion and Time Study)
(Efficient Work Methods or Practices)
(Email Etiquette)
(Emotional Intelligence)
(Enterprise Resource Planning- ERP)
(Entrepreneurship and Entrepreneur)
(Executive Etiquette and Manners)
(Exit Interview)
(Financial Ratios and Financial Ratio Analysis)
(Financial Services)
(Functions of Management)
(Gemba Kaizen)
(Genuine Professional)
(Global Mindset)
(Goal/Target Setting)
(Group Discussion)
(Group Dynamics)
(How to Be a Good Boss)
(How to Get Promoted)
(How to save Money)
(HR Dynamics)
(HR Strategies and Functions)
(Human Capital Architecture)
(Human Relations)
(Human Resource Planning)
(Human Software- HSoftware)
(Internal Motivation or Self Motivation)
(Interpersonal Relations)
(Interview Skills)
(Interview Preparation for Job Seekers)
(Interview Questions)
(Just in Time Management- JIT)
(Knowledge Management)
(Lead Time Management)
(Lean Enterprise)
(Learning Organization)
(Life Management: Competencies)
(Life Management: Effectiveness Management: HSoftware)
(Life Management: I Am Liberated)
(Life Positions and OKness)
(Life Skills)
(Management Anecdotes)
(Management Book- Best Books)
(Management Information System- MIS)
(Managing/conducting Meetings)
(Management Notes- Free and Authentic)
(Marginal Utility)
(Marketing Management Overview)
(Marketing Management Tasks)
(Marketing Orientation)
(Market Research)
(Market Segmentation)
(Musings of Shyam Bhatawdekar on every topic on the earth)
(Negotiation Skills)
(Negotiation Tactics)
(Objection Handling)
(Organization Development- OD)
(Organizational Culture)
(Out of Box Ideas)
(Ownership on Job)
(Paradigm and Paradigm Shift)
(Performance Management and Appraisal)
(Positive Strokes)
(Presentation Skills)
(Problem Solving)
(Profit Improvement)
(Project Management)
(Public Speaking)
(Quality Circles History)
(Quality Circles)
(Quality Function Deployment- QFD and House of Quality)
(Quality Gurus)
(Recession Management)
(Recession and Opportunities)
(Recruitment and Selection)
(Research Methodology)
(Safety and Health Management)
(Sales/Selling Process)
(Sales Promotion)
(Self Motivation or Internal Motivation)
(Self Development)
(Shyam Bhatawdekar’s Articles on Management)
(Six Sigma)
(Six Thinking Hats)
(Soft Skills)
(Spiritual Quotient/Intelligence)
(Statistics- Basic)
(Strategic Management)
(Stress Management)
(Stress Management)
(Success in Life or Success)
(Success in Life or Success)
(Supply Chain Management)
(Supply and Demand)
(Talent Management)
(Team Building)
(Telephone Etiquette)
(Three Sixty Degrees Appraisal System)
(Time Management)
(Total Productive Maintenance- TPM)
(Total Quality Management- TQM)
(Training and Development)
(Trainers’ Qualities)
(Transaction Analysis- TA)
(TRIZ- Inventive Problem Solving)
(Value Engineering/Analysis)
(Winners and Losers)
(Work Study: Method Study and Work Measurement)
(Work Methods or Practices: Efficient)
(World Class Manufacturing)
(Writings of Shyam Bhatawdekar on Management)
(Written Communication)
(Zero Based Budgeting)

Counseling: General and Psychological(Anger Management)
(Children’s Behavior Problems)
(Cholesterol Control)
(Counseling: Psychological)
(Counseling: Psychological)
(Cross Cultural Etiquette)
(Executive Etiquette and Manners)
(Family Counseling)
(Health: Homeopathy)
(LifeManagement: Competencies)
(Life Management: Effectiveness Management: HSoftware)
(Life management: I Am Liberated)
(Marriage Counseling)
(Ownership on Job)
(Parental Responsibilities)
(Qualities of Spouse)
(Quit Smoking)
(Self Development)
(Stress Management)
(Stress Management)
(Swine Flu and Its Prevention)
(Telephone Etiquette)
(Winners and Losers)

About All the Products
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(Greeting Cards)
(Mobile Phones)

Home Tips
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(Entertainment: Movies)
(Oscar Award Movies)
(Entertainment: Recommended Hindi Movies)
(Entertainment- Hindi Movies of Your Choice)
(Plagiarized, Copied or Inspired Hindi Movies)
(Health: Homeopathy)
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(Jewelry Design)
(Recipes: Easy to Cook)
(Recipes: Exotic)
(Stories for Children)
(Travel and Sightseeing- India)
(Travel and Sightseeing- World)
(World Heritage Sites)

General Knowledge and Out of Box Ideas
(General Knowledge- GK)
(General Knowledge- Top 5 of Everything)
(General Knowledge- Top 10 of Everything)
(Out of Box Ideas)
(Shyam Bhatawdekar’s Knols)
(Running Commentary on the Run)